Infertility is when you cannot get pregnant after one year of unprotected sex. In women, reproductive organ disorders, endometriosis, uterine fibroids, and polyps are the leading causes of infertility. Abnormal sperm production, ejaculation issues, and structural problems of reproductive organs are the causes of male infertility. Doctors use various diagnostic tests to determine the cause of your infertility for effective treatment. The Murray Hill infertility treatment options your doctor uses depend on the cause of your infertility. There are many treatments for infertility for men and women, including:
Infertility treatment for men
Changing lifestyle habits
Changing lifestyle habits like discontinuing medications leading to infertility and eliminating harmful substances can increase the chances of pregnancy. Improving sexual intercourse frequency and timing and regular exercise can lead to a successful pregnancy.
Your doctor can recommend specific medications to help boost testicular function and sperm production and quality.
Your doctor can recommend surgery to open blocked tubes that store and carry sperm. Varicocele surgery can improve the health of your sperm and conception rate.
Infertility treatment in women
You may require one, two, or more treatment procedures to improve your fertility. These treatments include:
Doctors mainly use fertility drugs to treat infertility resulting from ovulation disorders. The medications balance hormones to help regulate or induce ovulation. You can also use fertility drugs to stimulate the production of better or extra eggs.
Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
IUI involves your doctor placing healthy sperm directly into your uterus around the period your ovary releases eggs to be fertilized. Your doctor will coordinate the timing of IUI with your normal cycle or fertility drugs, depending on the cause of your infertility. This treatment bypasses problems with cervical mucus.
Doctors rarely use surgeries for infertility due to the success of other techniques. However, they improve female fertility. There are various surgical procedures your doctor can use, depending on the cause of your infertility. These procedures include:
Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgery
Laparoscopic or hysteroscopic surgeries can treat issues with the uterine anatomy and remove endometrial polyps and some fibroids that misshape your uterine cavity. These surgeries can also remove pelvic or uterine adhesions.
Your doctor can recommend laparoscopic surgery to remove adhesions, dilate tubes, or create a new tubal opening if your fallopian tubes are blocked or filled with fluid. Doctors rarely use this surgery because pregnancy rates are more successful with in vitro fertilization (IVF). In this case, removing your tubes or blocking tubes close to your uterus can improve the chance of pregnancy with IVF.
Assisted reproductive technology
There are various types of ART, including:
In vitro fertilization (IVF)
IVF involves your doctor collecting sperm and egg and placing them together in a lab dish. The fertilized egg is left to grow for three to five days. Your doctor will then place the embryo in the uterus.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
ICSI is similar to IVF. It involves your embryologist injecting a single sperm into each retrieved egg and then transferring the embryo into the uterus.
Infertility is the failure to conceive after one year of trying. Medications, changing lifestyle habits, surgeries, and assisted reproductive technologies can help treat infertility. Schedule an appointment at Noble Fertility Center for infertility treatment to achieve your dream of having kids.