It is still unclear what causes fibroids. Their growth may be connected to the person’s estrogen levels. Estrogen and progesterone levels are greater during a woman’s reproductive years. When estrogen levels are high, particularly during pregnancy, Miami fibroids expand. Also, fibroid shrinking is linked to low estrogen levels. This can happen both before and after menopause. It can also occur with certain drugs, such as gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or antagonists. Fibroid formation may be influenced by genetic factors as well. For example, having a close relative with fibroids increases the chance of acquiring them.
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An overview of fibroids
Fibroids are irregular growths that form in or on a woman’s uterus. These tumors can grow big, causing severe stomach discomfort and heavy periods. In other instances, they produce no indications or symptoms. The growths are generally noncancerous or benign. Moreover, fibroids have an unknown etiology.
Different types of fibroids
A woman’s type of fibroid is determined by its location within or on the uterus.
- Intramural fibroids: The most prevalent form of the fibroid is intramural fibroids. These forms occur within the uterine muscle wall. Intramural fibroids can develop in size and strain your womb.
- Subserosal fibroids: These kinds develop on the exterior of your uterus, known as the serosa. They may become huge enough to make one side of your womb look larger than the other.
- Pedunculated fibroids: Subserosal tumors can develop a stem, a thin basis supporting the tumor. When this occurs, these fibroids are called pedunculated fibroids.
- Submucosal fibroids: These fibroids form in the uterus’s main muscular layer, known as the myometrium. Submucosal fibroids are less prevalent than the others.
The diagnostic evaluations listed below can assist a clinician in detecting fibroids and ruling out other conditions:
- Ultrasound examinations: Ultrasound pictures can be created by scanning the abdomen or putting a tiny ultrasound probe into the vagina. Both techniques may be required to detect fibroids.
- Hysteroscopy: During a hysteroscopy, a clinician will inspect the interior of the uterus with a little gadget that has a camera connected to the end. The device will be inserted through the vagina and into the uterus via the cervix. If required, they may also extract a tissue sample, referred to as a biopsy, to search for cancer cells.
- MRI evaluations: An MRI scan may determine the size and quantity of fibroids.
- Laparoscopy: A laparoscopy may be conducted by a doctor. A tiny, illuminated tube will be inserted into a small incision in the abdomen to inspect the exterior of the uterus and its surrounding tissues. They may also do a biopsy if required.
The classification and position of your fibroids will determine your prognosis. If the fibroids are minor or do not cause symptoms, they may not require treatment. Your physician will closely monitor your health if you are pregnant and have fibroids or if you become pregnant and have fibroids. Fibroids seldom cause complications during pregnancy. Call Peter A Khamvongsa, FACOG, FACS, IF, or book your consultation online to learn more about fibroids procedures.