One of the most critical elements of the cardiovascular system is blood vessels, which transport blood to and from the heart. The veins are specifically important because they perform the former function. Blood must leave the tissues back to the heart to eliminate accumulated carbon (iv) oxide. The complex nature of venous function and structure makes these vessels vulnerable to damage or injury. The most common complication patients seek treatment for is varicose veins New York. These unsightly veins are more prominent and develop a purple or bluish color depending on the patient’s skin color. The unattractiveness of varicose veins is why patients seek medical intervention for this condition.
How do veins work?
Veins are larger than arteries. For this reason, blood pressure inside venous structures is relatively lower. Low blood pressure increases the chances of blood flowing backward. Fortunately, veins have valves. Valves usually close, preventing blood from flowing backward.
Some patients develop complications in the valves. Faulty valves cannot perform their function optimally. As a result, patients accumulate blood and fluid around the affected veins. Veins with too much blood in them increase in size. This bulging of veins is why varicose veins are visible above the skin.
What causes varicose veins?
Patient awareness should include the causes of varicose veins to promote prevention. Physicians also benefit from determining the root cause of varicose veins because this influences the treatment approach to restore seamless blood movement in veins. The following are some of the reasons patients develop varicose veins:
- Pregnancy: Pregnant women develop varicose veins because of the fetus’s weight and the mother’s increased pressure on the legs, hindering optimal venous function.
- Menopause: Hormonal changes during menopause can affect cardiovascular function leading to faulty veins and blood accumulation in the legs.
- Age over 50: The older you get, the higher your chances of developing cardiovascular complications. Older patients are more likely to get faulty valves.
- Standing for extended periods: This activity increases pressure in the veins of the legs and feet and hinders blood movement.
- Obesity: This underlying conditioning affects the integrity of blood vessels in the body, including the veins, thus increasing a patient’s risk of varicose veins.
- Family history of varicose veins: a genetic link predisposes patients to varicose veins, especially if a close family member has a positive confirmation of the venous disease.
What are the symptoms of varicose veins?
The preceding step to varicose veins is spider veins, with mild symptoms. Some patients may not experience any symptoms. However, varicose veins are a severe stage of venous complications. Patients with varicose veins usually experience pain and swelling in the legs and feet.
Although enlarged veins indicate varicose veins, it is essential to receive an accurate diagnosis to determine the underlying causes of the disease. Varicose veins usually cause heaviness and achiness in the legs interfering with peripheral movement and function. Contact Upper East Side Cardiology if you have unsightly veins limiting your self-confidence to receive the ideal treatment to restore peripheral wellness.