Coronary microvascular disease is a heart condition that results from the affected inner surface and walls of the tiny blood vessels of the coronary artery. Arterial blood vessels originate from the more prominent coronary arteries. Unlike coronary heart or artery disease, microvascular disease Sebring does not occur due to the blocking of the blood passage to your heart muscle by plaque. Coronary microvascular disease happens because of destruction to the inner surface of the walls of your blood vessels, leading to muscle cramps and a reduction in blood conveyed to the heart muscle. Other anomalies in your smaller arteries may also trigger the problem.
Potential risks of coronary microvascular disease among men and women include abnormal weight, tobacco use, aging, eating unhealthy food, high blood sugar, hypertension, and physical inactivity. Nonetheless, according to studies, it has been established that women seem to be more susceptible to the illness.
Women at high risk
As a woman, you are more prone to coronary microvascular disease when your estrogen levels are below average at any stage of your life. Estrogen is a type of reproductive hormone that plays a vital role in women in affecting the heart and blood vessels and regulating activities like menstruation.
If you are a younger woman with inadequate estrogen levels before the stop of your menstrual cycle (you reach menopause), you are at higher risk of microvascular disease. Other potential triggers of the blood vessels issue are stress and depression and an issue with the way your ovaries function.
You are also highly susceptible to hypertension before the natural completion of your menstrual cycles. If signs and symptoms of a decline in your reproductive hormones occur infrequently or severely, you become even more prone to microvascular disease. And once you are in the menopause stage, you are more at risk of accumulating fats, cholesterol, and other substances in/or arterial walls. As a result, you have an even more chance of acquiring the coronary microvascular disease.
Moreover, if you have a cardiovascular condition, you are most likely to suffer a heart attack, especially when you are anemic. A heart attack happens when something blocks the blood supply to your heart; thus, the organ cannot get enough oxygen and other vital nutrients.
Being anemic also means you do not have a sufficient quantity of healthy red blood cells to deliver ample oxygen to the tissues of your heart, and repairing broken blood vessels takes longer.
Diagnosis of microvascular disease
Your health specialist will diagnose your condition by relying on your health history, physical examinations, and test findings. The doctor will also determine if you are at high risk of microvascular disease by considering your weight, blood pressure, cholesterol level, age, and diet.
Common signs and symptoms may include breathing difficulties, tiredness, and trouble sleeping. The signs and symptoms usually appear when performing daily activities such as climbing stairs, shopping, running, dancing, and lifting objects. Therefore, your doctor may provide a questionnaire to assess your functional capacity and maximal oxygen consumption.
Contact Vein & Cardiovascular Center today for specialist diagnosis and non-surgical and surgical treatment of coronary microvascular disease and chest pains (angina).